Department of History
Vari Hall, York University, 4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3 Canada
Swarthmore College, 1961-1965. B.A. received, 1965.
University of Wisconsin, 1965-1974.
M.A. received, 1967. Thesis: "Society and Politics in Massachusetts, 1774-1780"
Ph.D. received, 1974. Thesis: "The Pennsylvania Economy, 1748-1762: A Study of Short-Run Changes in the Context of Long-Run Changes in the Atlantic Economy." Supervised by Merrill Jensen.
Associate Professor, 1976-1997
Assistant Professor, 1973-1976
Teaching Assistant, 1966-1968
Fellowships and Honors
Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, 1965-1966.
Fulbright Fellowship (at University of London), 1968-1969.
Ford Fellowship, 1970.
Canada Council Post-Doctoral Fellowship, 1975-1976.
Canada Council Leave Fellowship, 1977-1978.
York University, Faculty of Arts Fellowship, 1989-1990.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Standard Research Grant, 1991-1994.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Small Grant, 1995-1996.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Standard Research Grant, 1997-2000.
Faculty of Arts Research Grant, Spring 2000.
Faculty of Arts Research Grant, Spring 2003.
Faculty of Arts Research Grant, Spring 2005.
Faculty of Arts Research Grant, Spring 2006
Sabbatical Leave Fellowship, 2006-2007
“Honourable Mention” for Divergent Paths in the competition for the Wallace Ferguson Prize, 1997. This award is given annually by the Canadian Historical Association to the best book in non-Canadian history.
A Mighty Empire: The Origins of the American Revolution. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1988. Reprinted in paperback, 1989. xv + 381 pages.
Divergent Paths: How Culture and Institutions Have Shaped North American Growth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Issued in both hardcover and paperback. xvi + 300 pages.
New World Economies: The Growth of the Thirteen Colonies and Early Canada. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. xix + 236 pages.
Clash of Extremes: The Economic Origins of the Civil War. New York: Hill & Wang, 2009. xii + 416 pages.
B. Articles (Refereed)
[With Joseph A. Ernst], "An Economic Interpretation of the American Revolution," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 29 (1972): 3-32. This essay has been reprinted in several anthologies. 30 pages.
"The Economic Development of the Thirteen Continental Colonies, 1720 to 1775," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 32 (1975):191-222. This essay has been reprinted in several anthologies. 32 pages.
"The Changing Structure of Philadelphia's Trade with the British West Indies, 1750-1774," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 99 (1975): 156-179. 24 pages.
"The Politics of Ambition: A New Look at Benjamin Franklin's Career," Canadian Review of American Studies, 6 (1975): 151-164. 14 pages.
"The Origins of the Revolution in Virginia: A Reinterpretation," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 37 (1980): 401-428. 28 pages.
“The Beards Were Right: Political Parties in the North, 1840-1860,” Civil War History, 47 (2001): 30-56. 27 pages.
“Rethinking the Secession of the Lower South: The Clash of Two Groups,” Civil War History, 50 (2004): 261-290. 29 pages.
“Explaining John Sherman: Leader of the Second American Revolution,” Ohio History, 114 (2007): 105-117. 13 pages.
C. Articles (Non-Refereed)
"American Slavery: The Newer Exegesis," Canadian Review of American Studies, 6 (1975): 110-117. 8 pages.
"Reply to John R. Hanson II on 'The Economic Development of the Thirteen Continental Colonies, 1720 to 1775,'" The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 37 (1980): 172-175. 3 pages.
“Origins of the American Revolution,” Focus on Research at York University, 1985. 1 page.
"U.S. blueprint helpful in building the new Canada," The Globe and Mail, September 8, 1992. 1 page.
"Thomas Wharton," American National Biography. 1 page.
“Proclamation of 1763,” The Oxford Companion to United States History. 1 page.
"Comment on James Hijiya's 'Why the West Is Lost'," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., LI (1994), 724-26. 3 pages.
“Preston Manning is hardly the new Abe Lincoln,” Toronto Star, May 22, 1997. 1 page.
“A Tale of Two Titanics,” Toronto Star, January 24, 1998. 1 page.
“Benjamin Franklin,” Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History. 1 page.
“Of Muskets and Terrorism,” National Post, October 2, 2001. 1 page.
Consultant, “Mary Todd Lincoln,” TV Ontario, 1974.
Panelist, “James Cameron’s Titanic,” Ralph Benmergui Show, CBC, 1998.
Commentator, White Buffalo, History Channel, 2002.
Contributions to the Profession
A. Conference Organization
Organizer, Conference, “Microcomputers in the Humanities and Social Sciences,” York University, April 1985.
Organizer, Conference, “Arts and Ideas in Eighteenth-Century England,” Founders College, York University, January 1988.
Chair, Local Arrangements Committee, Annual Conference, Society for Historians of the Early American Republic, York University, June 1990.
Convener, Toronto-area Americanists, 1990-2002
Co-chair [with Adrienne Hood of the University of Toronto] of the Local Arrangements Committee for the April 1999 Toronto meeting of the Organization of American Historians.
Co-Chair and Program Coordinator, Sixth Annual Meeting, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Toronto, June 2000.
Representative for York University, Fulbright Roundtable on U.S. studies in Canada, Montreal, May 6-7, 2005.
Co-Chair [with Rick Halpern of the University of Toronto], Conference on the American Civil War, June 10-11, 2005.
B. Membership in Professional Organizations
Organization of American Historians, Economic History Association, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Society for Historians of the Early American Republic.
C. Editorial Boards and Prize Committees
Member of Advisory Board, Lincoln Prize at Gettysburg College.
Member of Council, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 2006-2009